Acculturation Among the Mishings                                              Page:44

 
Dr. Jatin
Mipun's

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Dr. Jatin
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               As seen in the table, out of 335 respondents, 12 (3.58%) have given first preference to the education for the construction of modern type of houses, and 23(6.86%) the second, 6(2.78%) respondents have given it the third preference. 26(7.76%) respondents have given first preference to sound economic condition as the main cause of construction of modern type of houses. 7 (2.08%) have emphasised on the influence of non-tribal Assamese as the first preference.The table shows that the people generally have given stress on the sound economic condition and education for the well-to-do life which will ultimately lead to their social change.
                So far as the pucca buildings in the villages are concerned, 16 Assam type pucca buildings are found in the three villages under study. The first building was constructed in 1958 in Barpamua village. From this it can be assumed that construction of modern houses started in the Mishing villages around the mid fifties. Now-a-days, in place of traditional houses, Kachcha matti houses are also seen. It is found under this study   that such houses were constructed first in the year 1969. However, in each of the three villages, traditional houses are still predominantly higher than the modern hygienic pucca buildings.
               Some of the major changes as observed in the field are as follows:
            (1) Most of the villages like to have modern houses in place of their traditional housing pattern. Those who are in a position to construct new concrete  buildings,they never like traditional unhygienic houses. The respondents who are not economically sound they tried to construct houses with wooden  platforms.
            (2) The villagers who are having matti ghar like the surrounding non-tribal  Assamese are of the opinion that matti ghar houses of bamboo are much  more comfortable than the chung ghar. According to them  chung ghar   (house on platform) is essential only in such places where flood is a constant phenomenon.
           (3) It is 'however' observed that the guardians generally construct small matti ghars for their grown up children who are studying in schools and colleges. They told that chung ghar was not at all convenient place for the purpose of study of their children, therefore, if possible, they are in favour of the  construction of pucca building. They never mind if it leads to changing their traditional pattern.
           (4) One of the most striking features, as observed in the field is that, though the  economically sound families have constructed pucca buildings but in each building, there is a traditional chung ghar which is either used by aged persons or for pujas and festivals.The aged villagers are incapable of adjusting themselves with modern pucca building and prefer traditional  chung ghar.
           (5) It is seen that most of the villagers have their pak ghar (kitchen hall) which is attached to main house. This one of the most significant influence of the non-tribal Assamese. Because formerly the Mishings had no separate  kitchens. It used to be within the sleeping halls of their houses.


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