As seen in the table, out of 335 respondents, 12 (3.58%) have given first preference to
the education for the construction of modern type of houses, and 23(6.86%) the second,
6(2.78%) respondents have given it the third preference. 26(7.76%) respondents have given
first preference to sound economic condition as the main cause of construction of modern
type of houses. 7 (2.08%) have emphasised on the influence of non-tribal Assamese as the
first preference.The table shows that the people generally have given stress on the sound
economic condition and education for the well-to-do life which will ultimately lead to
their social change.
So far as the pucca buildings in the villages are concerned, 16 Assam type pucca buildings
are found in the three villages under study. The first building was constructed in 1958 in
Barpamua village. From this it can be assumed that construction of modern houses started
in the Mishing villages around the mid fifties. Now-a-days, in place of traditional
houses, Kachcha matti houses are also seen. It is found under this study
that such houses were constructed first in the year 1969. However, in each of the three
villages, traditional houses are still predominantly higher than the modern hygienic pucca
of the major changes as observed in the field are as follows:
(1) Most of the
villages like to have modern houses in place of their traditional housing pattern. Those
who are in a position to construct new concrete buildings,they never like
traditional unhygienic houses. The respondents who are not economically sound they tried
to construct houses with wooden platforms.
(2) The villagers who
are having matti ghar like the surrounding non-tribal Assamese are of the
opinion that matti ghar houses of bamboo are much more comfortable than the
chung ghar. According to them chung ghar (house on
platform) is essential only in such places where flood is a constant phenomenon.
(3) It is 'however' observed
that the guardians generally construct small matti ghars for their grown up
children who are studying in schools and colleges. They told that chung ghar was
not at all convenient place for the purpose of study of their children, therefore, if
possible, they are in favour of the construction of pucca building. They never mind
if it leads to changing their traditional pattern.
(4) One of the most striking
features, as observed in the field is that, though the economically sound families
have constructed pucca buildings but in each building, there is a traditional chung
ghar which is either used by aged persons or for pujas and festivals.The
aged villagers are incapable of adjusting themselves with modern pucca building and prefer
traditional chung ghar.
(5) It is seen that most of
the villagers have their pak ghar (kitchen hall) which is attached to main house.
This one of the most significant influence of the non-tribal Assamese. Because formerly
the Mishings had no separate kitchens. It used to be within the sleeping halls of