Acculturation Among the Mishings                                             Page:46

 
Dr. Jatin
Mipun's

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Dr. Jatin
Mipun's

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What is observed in the three villages under study is that in spite of so much of excellent weaving production, the machine made cloth is much popular among the villagers. Almost all the villagers, irrespective of male and female, wear machine-made clothes. No doubt weaving is still popular among them, but its place being gradually taken over by the machine-made productions. The following table(Table 5.5) has given an idea of the prevalence of weaving and attitude towards mill-made clothes of the respondents :
                The table (Table 5.5) indicates that out of 318 respondents, in whose family weaving is prevalent, 248 (77.99%) respondents like mill-made clothes. Attitude of the 70 (22.01%) respondents towards mill-made cloth is neutral. Notably, only in 17 families weaving is not prevalent and out of it 5(29.41%) respondents dislike machine-made production, 12(70.59%) respondents are of neutral attitude. The result, as found in the table, is that mill-made clothes have deeply been penetrating into the life of the villagers inspite of popularity of weaving productions.
                There are various causes responsible for the changing of dress pattern of the respondents. The primary causes, as informed by the villagers, are education, sound economic condition, as found easily in the market and so on. All respondents told that they were accepting mill-made clothes not because they totally disliked weaving productions. According to them, weaving is a time consuming device, and even if they like it, their production cannot cope with the need. therefore, they are bound to depend upon the clothes available in the market. The following table(Table 5.6) shows the causes responsible for the changing of dress pattern and preferences given by the respondents.
                 As seen in the table(Table 5.6), 171 (51.06%) respondents have given first preference in education as the main cause for changing-dress pattern of their society. Contrary to it, the lowest respondents 12 (3.58%) have given first preference on unpopularity of weaving. In the second preference, the highest respondents 109 (32.55%) are found in the causes of sound economic condition and neighbouring non-tribal Assamese. Only 9 (2.68%) and 30 (8.96%) respondents preferred the first preference for the influence of neighbouring non-tribal Assamese and market place. 196 (58.52%) respondents have given fourth preference in unpopularity of weaving as one of the causes of change in dresses, which ultimately means the popularity of weaving among the villagers.
                 The findings based on observation can be summarised as follows :
             (1)    The dresses of the men are similar to those of the neighbouring non-tribal Assamese, but the dresses of the women are still dissimilar with those of the non-tribal women. But the educated Mishing women are using the same  dresses as the Assamese women.
              (2) Except in pujas and festivals, the villagers do not use traditional dresses. The traditional dresses are preserved like their property and whenever needed are worn with care.
             (3) Weaving is still popular among the villagers. Traditional dresses are the product of their weaving. Though yarn for weaving is usually bought from the  market, the women still grow cotton for few of their special productions   in  weaving.


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