modern pucca building because of its durability and hygienity.
Our dresses are compelled to be of machine-made even though we like weaving
productions,because the latter is not capable of producing according to the needs."
Case Study 5.10
Shri Lengkeng Pegu (age - 58 years) of Barpamua village, informed that during the
time of his youth, the elder villages used to wear a simple dhoti and a
shirt. Such dresses were regarded traditional dress during that time though the clothes
were purchased from market. But now-a-days, modern dresses with modern designs have become
prevalent in their society. According to him, "As our society is changing in
all aspects, it is natural that house pattern, dresses, tools and implements of our
society will be changed accordingly."
It is seen in the chapter that acculturation has taken place in all aspects
of cultural life of the Mishing society. It has been found that acculturation is
continuing among the villagers not necessarily because of acceptance of non-tribal
elements. Various other factors responsible for acculturation are summarised as follows:
One of the main factors for the acceptance of the implements of non-tribal
Assamese culture is the ecology. Since the migration from the hills of
Arunachal Pradesh in the 13th century, the Mishings have been living with the non-tribals
in the plains of Assam. Therefore, there have been close and continuous contacts with the
beighbouring non-tribal villagers. It ultimately led to the cultural change of the
(2) Due to
the close and continuous contact,the first change faced by the Mishings was in their
religious practices.They were converted into Hinduism by the Brahmins and Gosains
of the Satras.It ultimately paved the way for the abolition of some of the traditional
beliefs and practices. Present-day religious cult of the Mishings,which is known as Kalhanghati
or Nisamalia and the priest like the Bhakats and the Hattulas
of the acceptance of Hinduism through Gosains.In this context, the impact of
the neighbouring Hindu villagers of various communities is also noteworthy.
The Mishings derived the influence of Hinduism from these villagers.
the acceptance of Hinduism, naturally, all the primitive habits of the
Mishings have a tremendous change.From the very early stage, the trend
of change is gradual.Due to the influence of Hinduism, they gave up the habit
of beef and buffalo eating. The meat of Mithun, one of the famous animals of
Arunachal, according to the aged villagers, was very popular among them. Now-a-days,
the Mishings have left that habit. The use of oil and other delicacies are the gift of the
non-tribals to the Mishings. That can be proved till today, because instead of frying,
boiled meat, fish and leafy vegetables are still popular among them.
conclusion, it can be said that change is a vital phenomenon among theMishings. At the
present moment, acculturation is continuing in all aspects