Acculturation Among the Mishings                                                Page:48

 
Dr. Jatin
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Dr. Jatin
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modern pucca building because of its durability and hygienity. Our dresses are  compelled to be of machine-made even though we like weaving productions,because the latter is not capable of producing according to the needs."
Case Study 5.10
           Another respondent, Shri Lengkeng Pegu (age - 58 years) of Barpamua village,  informed that during the time of his youth, the elder villages used to wear a simple   dhoti and a shirt. Such dresses were regarded traditional dress during that time though the clothes were purchased from market. But now-a-days, modern dresses with modern designs have become prevalent in their society. According  to him, "As our society is changing in all aspects, it is natural that house pattern, dresses, tools and implements of our society will be changed accordingly."
                                              III
It is seen in the chapter that acculturation has taken place in all aspects of cultural life of the Mishing society. It has been found that acculturation is continuing among the villagers not necessarily because of acceptance of non-tribal elements. Various other factors responsible for acculturation are summarised as follows:
           (1)      One of the main factors for the acceptance of the implements of non-tribal   Assamese culture is the ecology. Since the migration from the hills of   Arunachal Pradesh in the 13th century, the Mishings have been living with the non-tribals in the plains of Assam. Therefore, there have been close and continuous contacts with the beighbouring non-tribal villagers. It ultimately led to the cultural change of the Mishings.
          (2)     Due to the close and continuous contact,the first change faced by the Mishings was in their religious practices.They were converted into Hinduism by the Brahmins and Gosains of the Satras.It ultimately paved the way for the abolition of some of the traditional beliefs and practices. Present-day  religious cult of the Mishings,which is known as Kalhanghati or   Nisamalia and the priest like the Bhakats and the Hattulas are the                       product of the acceptance of Hinduism through Gosains.In this context, the    impact of the neighbouring Hindu villagers of various communities is also    noteworthy. The Mishings derived the influence of Hinduism from these   villagers.
          (3)     After the acceptance of Hinduism, naturally, all the primitive habits of the    Mishings have a tremendous change.From the very early stage, the trend of    change is gradual.Due to the influence of Hinduism, they gave up the habit  of beef and buffalo eating. The meat of Mithun, one of the famous animals of Arunachal, according to the aged villagers, was very popular among  them. Now-a-days, the Mishings have left that habit. The use of oil and other delicacies are the gift of the non-tribals to the Mishings. That can be proved till today, because instead of frying, boiled meat, fish and leafy vegetables  are still popular among them.
           (4)    In conclusion, it can be said that change is a vital phenomenon among theMishings. At the present moment, acculturation is continuing in all aspects


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