Impact of Modern Communication                                             Page :51

 
Dr. Jatin
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Dr. Jatin
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           Society can be defined as a structure of interconnecting communication networks (Hockings, 1977). Of course, communication is a very general term and it is difficult to define it within a specific frame work. Along with the radio and television,(Hockings, 1977:475-76) says that different type of communication networks, such as transportation of people and their materials, mechanical system for transmission  of personal messages, media of mass-communication and interpersonal linkages are very essential in the field of the sociology of communication. Keeping view of these points, the following aspects of communication are attempted to study in this chapter:
      (1) The phase of oral communication among the Mishings and their linkages with other communities.
      (2) Introduction of roads and its impacts on Mishings.
      (3) Introduction of railways and its impact.
      (4) Impact of the marketing centers.
      (5) Impact of post and telegraph, radio listening and news paper reading.
      (6) Interaction and communication with religious, political and educational elite.

                                                            II
          Before the British rule in India, the Mishings had low rate of interaction with non- tribes. Though, they  were within the plain districts of Assam, The Mishing were dwelling in the isolated places near the river banks of Assam. Due to that, their mode of communication and interaction with the non tribes was similar with the other tribes of North-East India. Trade was one of  the main sources of communication among the Mishings which was also the only source of communication of the other hill tribes. In context of the tribes of Arunachal Pradesh, Roy Barman and Thakral,(1970:93), Said : The trade between Apatanis and their Dafala and Miri neighbours is largely   based on the complementary nature of their economics. The exchange of  surplus   Apatanis rice against Dafala or Miri animals is, therefore, to the   advantage of both sides. Besides,  buying mithun and pigs for rice, the Apatanis  obtain from Dafalas almost all the cotton required for their highly developed   weaving industries.
      The interaction between the tribes and the non-tribes started gradually when the tribes were converted  either to Christianity or Hinduisim. One of the main reason behind  it is the improvement of the communication facilities. As a result, alike the other tribes of  North-East India, Acculturation started among the Mishings of  Assam. The non-tribal Hindu population of Assam have gradually been influencing the language  and speech pattern of the Mishings. The increasing use of Assamese, Bengali and Hindi by them is indicative of this process. As the communication facilities are increasing, the process of acculturation has also been increasing. The same process has  been discussed in this chapter in the light of the points indicated earlier.
  
In their pre-literate and primitive system, oral communication were more important. The Mishings used a dialect which was akin to Adi group of dialects. Naturally, the range of their communication, even after their migration to the plains, was oriented and confined to the tribes having kinship relationship  with them. When they moved to the plains, probably for a long time , they had their compact tribal  territory. Gradually, they came in contact with other communities- such as Deuri, Chutias , Ahoma.There were three different dimensions of their oral communication :


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