It is known from early writings
that the district of Lakhimpur was vast and, therefore, transport communication was in
very poor condition(see Robinson, 1841:332; Hunter,1879:291-92). During the British
period, Sadiya, Dibrugarh and North Lakhimpur were the most advanced British centres. But
the transport communication was not satisfactory. The British administrators had to
suffer a lot in implementing administrative planning. The early picture of the district,
from where the two villages Mohmora and Duhutimukh have been selected for study, is given
by Hunter(1879:292) as follows:
The first tract
now forms the sub-division of North Lakhimpur and consists of a
narrow plain gradually sloping southwards from the hills to the banks of the
and Luhit rivers. This division is said to have suffered more from
calamities which the latter events in the history of Assam brought upon the province than any other portion of it.
Such was the condition of Lakhimpur district before and during the rule of British in
Assam. The main roads in Lakhimpur sub-division, as given by Hunter(1879:378) were Garmur,
Kuchujan, Pathalipam, Dhakuakhana, and Kherketia. The cost of maintenance of these roads
during 1875-76 was much higher than the roads of other sub-divisions of the district. The
total length of this roads in the whole district was about 429 miles only.
these roads, the rivers from the only other means of communication.
large rivers detailed in a previous section of this statistical Account , are
through-out the year, and thirty-five other minor streams are navigable
the rainy season. And so far as Jonai area of the present Jonai sub-division is concerned, no mention has
been made by him as there was no communication system with this area except by the rivers.
The district of Sibsagar(now Jorhat) from where
the village Barpamua is taken for study, was more or less in the same situation in
communication as that of Lakhimpur district. The principal lines of roads in
Sibsagar district were the Trunk Roads,called the Seoni Ali,The Dhodar Ali, the Gar Ali,
the Nawa Ali and so on. The bridge of the road was mainly of bamboo and woods and,
therefore, most of the roads were rendered impassable during the rains.The total length of
roads in the district as shown by Hunter,(1879:258-59) was about 409 miles.
The improvement of roads in Assam
is recent phenomenon. Because only after the independence, construction and improvement of
roads in Assam have taken place. At present, the length of roads under P.W.D. in
Sibsagar district is 2909.18 kms. and in Lakhimpur district, it is 948.01Kms.(in 1970-71).
In 1977 it has increased up to3186.92Kms. in Sibsagar district and 1043.95Kms. in
Lakhimpur district. The length includes the black topped, graveled, earthened roads of
the two districts. The increasing figures of the lengths of the roads show the
improvement of road transportation in Assam.