Impact of  Modern Communication                                             Page :56

 
Dr. Jatin
Mipun's

T
h
e

M
i
s
h
i
n
g
s

o
f

A
s
s
a
m


Dr. Jatin
Mipun's

T
h
e

M
i
s
h
i
n
g
s

o
f

A
s
s
a
m


      Introduction of Railways and its Impact

Since the introduction of railways in India during the time of Lord Dalhousie in the middle part of nineteenth Century, India has seen a tremendous change  in the field of transport communication.3 Assam was not left behind from the facilities of railways as some of the major industries, viz. , tea, oil , coal etc. , were developing under the British Government. Of course,  the work of construction of the railways was a difficult task as the region always suffers from heavy monsoons and floods(Saxena:1962). At present the N.F. railway in Assam has been well extended in the North-Eastern region. But the broad gauge is still lying behind in comparison to metre gauge. In 1973-74 the route length of  broad gauge (single) in Assam was only 105.22 Km. , where as length of metre gauge was 2088.43Km. (including single and double routes).4 The introduction of railways in the area under study is of recent origin. 154 Kms. of railway track from North-Lakhimpur Murkongselek passes through the Mishing populated area. But construction of railway track from North-Lakhimpur to Gogamukh was completed only in 1964 and from Gogamukh to Murkongselek in 1965. And the railways from North-Lakhimpur to Murkongselek was practically opened only in February, 1966.5 It is the only railway line in the north bank of the Brahamaputra valley.
      The two villages, Mohmora and Duhutimukh of Lakhimpur district are getting enormous facilities from the railways as they are situated near the railway station. The village Mohmora is situated only 2 Kms. away from Murkongselek railway station .6 The village Duhutimukh is about 5 Kms.from Dhemaji railway station. The villagers now have the facilities to develop social, economical and political links out of their own areas by railways.
      Most of the villagers of Mohmora saw train for the first time  on 1965-66. The introduction of railways up  to Murkongselek is mainly for commercial purpose. The timber and other forest resources of the area and of   Arunachal Pradesh have been transported to Lakhimpur and beyond through railways.The supply of essential commodities to these areas is possible only through railways. Due to this, the importance of Jonai is increasing day by day.As a result of it the isolation of the villagers has been broken to a greater extent. Due to the growth of marketing centers and facilities for transportation, the villagers found the place to sell their surplus agricultural products. As a matter of fact, they are playing a considerable part in regional as well as national economy. To, a certain extent the villagers are also helping in discovering and abstracting forest resources of the area which allow them to play a part in the national economy as well as global economy.
        Apart from these, after the introduction of railways, immigrants started to move to the Mishings populated areas. New immigrants consist of mainly Bengalis, Beharis, Nepalese, Monipuris and Boro-Kacharis. For communication of ideas, it became a part of the Mishing way of life to learn the languages of the immigrants and vice-versa. In this process, the Mishings have learnt Assamese,Hindi, Bengali and Nepali languages. The first three are the main languages for communication in the Mishing populated areas. As a result, the Mishings learn to speak both Hindi and Bengali. They can speak or understand the languages of the other immigrants like the Nepalese and the Boro-Kacharis. As a matter of fact, the Mishings, now-a-days, can be regarded as multi-lingual group.
          Moreover, interaction between the Mishings and the immigrants have taken place. It has helped in exchanging cultures of all the newly arrived communities and the Mishings. Exchange of culture has taken place both in the forms of ideas and elements. These would not have happened without the introduction of railways.
          The railways broke the isolation of the Mishings. It was mentioned earlier about the primitive form of communication of the Mishings and their isolation from the modern world. The railways not only replaced the primitive form of communication system, but also broke their isolation. Due to the railways, the people now-a-days, can move from one place to another in cheap fare. The social, cultural, economical and political life of the Mishings is no longer confined to them only. By some way or the other, they became the part of the regional communication system. Therefore, railways have not been breaking their isolation, but also effecting the compactness of the Mishing community.
           The range of communication of the Mishings has enlarged with the introduction of railways. Now-a-days, the Mishings can go to the places where they like. In Lakhimpur district, the Mishing villagers get much comfort in going by train then by other means of transportation. Train journey is   cheaper and better for them. Like the replacement of primitive agents of communication by roads, railways also help in replacing majority of the agents. The learning of different languages, the interaction and movement of the people are the examples of enlargement of range of communication of the Mishings.
           A paradigm of communication network as given shall indicate the form, technique, institution, range etc., of communication system of the Mishings.
                         
Impact of the Marketing Centres
         
The type of marketing centres in tribal setting is of great importance(see Dewey,1962;Sinha,1968), since they provide meeting place for economic and economic and cultural exchange in the surrounding area. The three villages, namely Mohmora, Duhutimukh and  Barpamua have been getting marketing facilities to a great extent. Jonai is the nearest centre for the villagers of Mohmora. Moreover, other small marketing places of Bahir Jonai, Laimekuri etc. are there which are held once a week. Apart from this marketing centres, the villagers also go to the major marketing centres like Pashighat, Silapathar, and Dhemaji. Some of the major marketing centres enjoyed by the villagers of Duhutimukh are Dhemaji, Jiadhal,   Maridhal, Gugamukh and others . The villagers of Barpamua of Majuli have also several marketing places, they are Jengraimukh Tinali, Ratanpur, Phulani, Garmur, Kamalabari and others. The villagers go to these marketing places to sell their agricultural products, domestic possessions and to purchase their domestic requirements. These marketing places are significant for the people  where they come in to contact with traders and customers of different places. Two main languages, viz. Assamese and Hindi are generally used for commercial purposes in (PARADIGM 1)


HOME

BACK NEXT

Designed & Maintained by Gemini Dotcom Pvt. Ltd.