the marketing centres.
They rarely use their own dialect or Bengali.
Some of the significant changes due to marketing
centres are as follows :
(1) Few years back, the people did not produce surplus agricultural products
commercial purposes.The main drawback was the lack of marketing centres.Now,
they try to produce as much as possible so that the surplus agricultural
products can be sold in the market. Moreover, domestic
like pig, fowl etc. are sold, now-a-days, in the market to meet their
(2) As a matter of fact, in the light of the above situation the subsistence
economy of the Mishing villagers gradually has been transferred into the
market economy. The people now no longer depend upon the barter for
exchange of goods and materials.
(3) Due to the exchange of language and culture with the non-tribal people, the
mergence of petty entrepreneurship among the villagers is seen. They
are now engaged in petty business and shop-keeping in the marketing places .
These are some of the effects of the marketing
centres on the villagers under study. In some cases the effect of the marketing centre is
so deep that some of the villagers often tried to show off and behave as the Marwaris of
their respective places. It may lead to further changes among them in future.
Impact of Post and Telegraph, Radio
listening and news paper reading
In the field of communication , mass
media have been playing an important role even among the illiterate tribal people. If not
directly, at least indirectly, it effects them. Therefore, mass-media are highly essential
in communicating even the preliterate people(see Elselein and Topper:1976). But
unfortunately the villagers have not sufficiently adapted mass media and have not
properly learned to utilise them. The three Villages under study have been getting the
facilities of post and telegraph. The offices are located at Jonai, Dhemaji and
Jengraimukh. Still then due to less utilisation of mass media , the possessions
news paper etc. are less among the respondents. The following table(6.1)
shows the same:
indicates that out of the 130 illiterate respondents 13(10.00%)have radio; distribution
of radio sets among the other groups of
respondents is as follows - 33(23.85%) out of162 literates , 10(30.30%) out of 33
undermatrics and 4 (40.00%) out of 10 matriculates and above. The newspaper subscribers
are very rare but still found among the literates. Out of 162 literates, only 2(1.23%)
respondents subscribe to newspapers.
During the course of field work, it was found that though
newspaper,radio and other possessions of mass communications are less, the limited
possessions have been influencing the people significantly.The impact can be summarised as
Though newspaper subscribers are very few among the respondents, one or two daily
newspapers are sufficient for the whole village;because the household of the people are
very close to each other and a literate person is quite sufficient to tell them the daily
happenings. It leads to two major effects.Firstly, the daily evening assembly of the
villagers in a certain household helps them to understand each other which leads to
greater co-operation. Secondly ,they can sort out some necessary problems in the