Impact of  Modern Communication                                           Page :57

 
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Dr. Jatin
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the marketing centres. They rarely use their own dialect or Bengali.
 Some of the significant changes due to marketing centres are as follows :
                (1) Few years back, the people did not produce surplus agricultural products   for commercial purposes.The main drawback was the lack of marketing centres.Now, they try to produce as much as possible so that the surplus  agricultural products can be sold in the market. Moreover, domestic   possessions like pig, fowl etc. are sold, now-a-days, in the market to meet their daily needs.            
                (2) As a matter of fact, in the light of the above situation the subsistence   economy of the Mishing villagers gradually has been transferred into the    market economy. The people now no longer depend upon the barter for  exchange of goods and materials.
                (3) Due to the exchange of language and culture with the non-tribal people, the  mergence of petty entrepreneurship among the villagers is seen. They  are now engaged in petty business and shop-keeping in the marketing places .
       These are some of  the effects of the marketing centres on the villagers under study. In some cases the effect of the marketing centre is so deep that some of the villagers often tried to show off and behave as the Marwaris of their respective places. It may lead to further changes among them in future.
Impact of Post and Telegraph, Radio listening and news paper reading
         In the field of communication , mass media have been playing an important role even among the illiterate tribal people. If not directly, at least indirectly, it effects them. Therefore, mass-media are highly essential in communicating even the preliterate people(see Elselein and Topper:1976). But unfortunately the villagers have not sufficiently adapted mass media and  have not properly learned to utilise them. The three Villages under study have been getting the facilities of post and telegraph. The offices are located at  Jonai, Dhemaji and Jengraimukh. Still then due to less utilisation of mass media , the possessions like radio, news paper etc. are less among the respondents. The following table(6.1) shows the same:
     The  table(6.1)  indicates that out of the 130 illiterate respondents 13(10.00%)have radio; distribution of radio sets among the other groups of respondents is as follows - 33(23.85%) out of162 literates , 10(30.30%) out of 33 undermatrics and 4 (40.00%) out of 10 matriculates and above. The newspaper subscribers are very rare but still found among the literates. Out of 162 literates, only 2(1.23%) respondents subscribe  to newspapers.
      During the course of field work, it was found that though newspaper,radio and other possessions of mass communications are less, the limited possessions have been influencing the people significantly.The impact can be summarised as follows:
               (1) Though newspaper subscribers are very few among the respondents, one or two daily newspapers are sufficient for the whole village;because the household of the people are very close to each other and a literate person is quite sufficient to tell them the daily happenings. It leads to two major effects.Firstly, the daily evening assembly of the villagers in a certain household helps them to understand each other which leads to greater co-operation. Secondly ,they can sort out some necessary problems in the newspapers.


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