Impact of  Modern Communication                                   Page :58

 
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            (2) Possession of radio has also two fold effects on them. Firstly, the light programmes(drama,songs,etc.) which , for them , is one of the  main sources of recreation after so much of daily hard labour.Secondly, it has been helping the people to gather daily news.Of course, in some cases , it was found that the possessions of radio is a matter of luxury for the well to do families.
    Interaction and Communication with Religious, Political and Educational Elites
         
Communication through leaders is of significant value at the village level. The village level leaders are usually of two types, viz.,the illiterate village heads or religious heads and the political and educated elites(teachers,businessman and the Government employees). The village heads help in maintaining customs and traditions,administrating the village and thereby maintain peace and order within the village.Contrary to it, the educated leaders help the villagers to come into contact with modern way of life.These two types of leaders are found in the villages under study.In Mohmora,it is found that the illiterate and the semi-literate elder villagers are much more active in comparison to other co-villagers.In Duhutimukh and Barpamua,the educated villagers who are engaged in business and service are found leading the people on socio-economic and socio-political links.These link the people with outer world through meetings,discussions and suggestions. In this context, the students have also been playing an important role. The students studying in schools and colleges at Jonai,Dhemaji and Jengraimukh help the people to gather new ideas in various fields. During the course of field work, it was found that  the elder village leaders and the students are active and expressive.The following are the main contributions of leaders and students to the villagers:
                    (1) The new ideas are practically accepted by the villagers only after seeking proper clarifications. They develop confidence in new ideas and enterprises if they are approved by the leaders.
                    (2) The illiterate elders like to listen to their educated children.Therfore,  modern ideas are finding entry into the Mishing villages through educated youths.
                   (3) Thus,discussions and suggestions of the leaders and students are playing an important role in these villages and they are developing new links with the outside world.

                                                         III
In conclusion of this chapter, some of the personal views of the respondents on the influence of communication to the people are given below
Case Study 6.1
        
Name-Shri Kanta Doley,.Age-65 years. He does not own a radio set and does not subscribe a newspaper. As informed by Shri Doley of Barpamua village, during the time of his youth, oral communication was the only means of communication among them.Intra -village communications were done by the messengers and the inter-village communications were managed through the messengers who traveled either by boat, elephant or on foot. According to him, face to face relationship was maintained by maintaining oral tradition. There were no written records of the proceedings of the Kebang, Murong, Namghar of the village.Even the Gosains of the Satras converted and taught them the Kewal- dharma orally. Now, he has seen tremendous changes in the field of communication. He talked proudly of his capability to move from one place to another due to transport facilities. He is also happy in getting personal messages in terms of letters from his distant relatives. In connection with the elites, he said that they were


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