Introduction                                                                               Page : 5

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Dr. Jatin
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Dr. Jatin
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(Weber : 1958; Lerner : 1958; Hoselitz : 1960; McClelland : 1961; Boulding : 1963; Warshay : 1964; Inkles : 1966; Kahl : 1968; Myedel: 1968 Kim : 1973). However, it is agreed upon by the social scientists that the term 'development' is an ideal goal in itself.

               One of the best examples in the field of value judgment and societal development is Max Weber's (1958) monumental work "The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism'. The author discusses the relationship between Capitalism and Protestantism on the basis of historical evidence, and thereby he tries to analyse the effects of Protestantism in the growth of Capitalism. Weber shows that there is a closer relationship between religion and economic ethics. The basic issue as propagated by him is that something is there in Protestantism which helps create the system of economic norms, which lead to rationality and acquisitiveness. The other religions of the world lack this spirit according to Max Weber.

              Another noteworthy work on development is Myrdal's 'Asian Drama' (1968). In his study Myrdal attempted to give an actual picture and prospects for developments in the South Asian countries. After the Second World War, numerous attempts have been made by Governments of South Asian countries for the development of their respective States. In his three volumes, Myrdal tries to include almost all the aspects responsible for the backwardness of the countries of South Asia.

             For the purpose of the present study, the development includes :

            1. The development in socio-cultural activities.
            2. The development in occupation and the subsidiary occupation adopted by the respondents.

            3. Agricultural innovation and alternatives for self-sufficiency and the learning of investment of income.

           4. Acceptance of medical science and family planning.
           5. Respondents' education and preference of education for their children.

           6. The attitude of the respondents towards development.

                                                                 IV

Since the early part of the twentieth century, various studies have been conducted dealing with social change among the Indian tribes. The sociologists and the anthropologists who first paved the way for empirical and systematic study of social change among the tribes in Indian


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