Social Background of the Respondents                            Page :32

 
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                Shri Narah of Duhutimukh village is in support of the late marriage in case of boys and early marriage in case of girls. He is not in favour of birth control. According to him, "I am in favour of late marriage for boys, because they should marry only after they are properly established in life. But birth control is not necessary as more population is required for the growth and expansion of Mishing community all over Assam."
Education of the Respondents
              The percentage of literacy among the Mishings was only 18.20 in 1971 (Mipun, 1976 : 175). In the post-independence period, concerted efforts have been made for educational development among the tribes. No doubt, tribals of India have been given special facilities right form the primary stage to the University stage. But the tribals are still educationally backward, though in case of tribal education, position in Assam is slightly better (Vidyarthi and Rai, 1977 : 444). The following table(Table 4.2) shows the level of education of the respondents :
According to the above table, even though 130(38.80%) respondents are illiterate, the rest (67.20%) are literate.
             The sons and daughters are comparatively more educated than the respondents. The highest literary standard among the literates is up to L.P.School. All the literate persons are able to read and write Assamese language. The person with the highest education among the respondents is an M.A. of Barpamua village. His case study is as follows :
Case Study 4.3
               Name - Shri Indreswar Pegu, age - 45 years, land - 24 bighas, income -
               Rs.1,500 P.M. (approx.), other source of income - business.
  Shri Pegu of Barpamua village is the Principal of Jengraimukh College. He was motivated to higher studies by imitating the non-tribals. When he passed  the Matriculation examination, there were few qualified Mishing persons in his area to guide him for higher study. He supported his education mainly by doing petty business and working temporary services. He supported his education mainly by doing petty business and working in temporary services. He appeared  in college and University examinations as a private candidate. He was from a  poor family. Therefore, he is satisfied with his present achievements. He wants  to be a pioneer social worker for the development of the Mishing community. He is not only a Principal of a College, but at the same time, a cultivator, writer,          composer of Mishing songs and religious preacher of the Bhagavatia Sect.

Annual Income
             Cultivation is the primary occupation of the respondents of the present study. Inspite of the landholdings, the economy of the Mishings is not sound. It is because of lack of adequate cultivable land, constant floods and erosions in the Mishing populated areas. Moreover, one of the predominant factors, as indicated by Doley (1973 : 61) and Bhandari (1974 : 19), is the impact of customs which are non-economic in nature. Still then the annual income of the respondents of the present study is satisfactory. The mean annual income which is given in the table below (table 4.3) was beyond the imagination of 

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