the respondents when they first migrated to these villages. It took
several years for them to be self-sufficient in agricultural productions and domestic
The above table
shows that 95 (28.36%) respondents are in the income group of Rs. 1500.00 and 56 (16.72%)
are above the income group of Rs. 4000.00. 13 respondents (3.88%) are found in the income
group of Rs.3001.00 to Rs. 3500.00. Other 44(13.14%) respondents are within the income
group of Rs. 1501 to Rs. 2000, 50 (14.92%) are within Rs. 2001 to Rs. 2500,58 (17.31%) are
within Rs. 2501 to Rs. 3000 and 19 (5.67%) are within the range of Rs. 3501 to Rs. 4000.
The mean annual income of the respondents is Rs. 2446.02.
A few of the
respondents have additional sources of income. Small shop keeping, part time business are
the usual additional sources of income fo the villagers. We have tried to understand the
economic position of a few families in details by collecting case studies of two persons
having the largest and the lowest landholdings among the respondents. Further, we have
made case study of a person whose family has more than one source of income.
Case Study 4.4
Name - Shri Mohiram Doley, age - 55 years, family members 12, land - 60 bighas, annual
income - above Rs. 4000.00.
The economic condition of Shri Mohiram
Doley of Mohmora village is sound. His major agricultural products are paddy, black pulse,
mustard and vegetables. The surplus agricultural products are sold in the market for
extra income. His income is sufficient to maintain his family. His younger son is a
commerce graduate. The grandsons and grand daughters of Shri Doley are going to schools.
At present, sufficient savings are made by him, but no accounts are maintained in the
family. The savings are spent in purchasing agricultural tools and implements and in
of the school going grand sons and daughters.
Case Study 4.5
Name - Shri Bhugeswar narah, age - 38 years, family members - 5, land - 3 bighas, annual
income - below Rs. 1500.00 Having only 3 bighas of land, Shri narah of Duhutimukh village
has to maintain his family by doing daily labour. During the summer season, he works
as halua (plough man) for
three to four months in a well-to-do family of his village. He is paid both in cash and
kind. His patrons helped him in his hard days, specially in the season when no works are
available in the village. Due to his poor economic condition, he is not in a position to
send brother and sons to the school.
Case Study 4.6
Name - Shri Monidhar Taye, age - 55 years, family members -6, size of landholding - 45
bighas, annual income above Rs. 4000.00. Shri Taye of Mohmora village has various sources
of income in addition to agricultural productions. He is the owner of a small shop
and a truck. He states :
"It is difficult to depend only on agricultural production. For sound economic
condition of a family, additional sources of income apart from agricultural