Socio-Economic Development                                                       Page :62

 
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Dr. Jatin
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 have been trying to improve their information level. In the same way acculturation and communication have been helping simultaneously in the field of political participation and in knowing the Government plans and programmes.
         Thus, both acculturation and communication are responsible for the socio-cultural changes and the development of the people under study.The influence of both the variables is accepted by the people unanimously.During the time of field work, few of the respondents expressed their views on the role of acculturation and communication which are given in the following case studies:

Case Study 7.1
         Name-Shri Maghar Paw.Age-70 years. Village-Mohmora.
Shri Paw, who migrated to Mohmora in the early sixties, expressed that even before his migration,he had observed the socio-cultural changes
occurring in his community."But", as he says,"I do not know how it can be determined. Changes are no doubt due to, as you say, acculturation and communication and by other means. But the main fact behind is the demand of time".Thus,he has given stress on the 'time factor' which is leading his community towards socio-cultural changes.
Csae Study 7.2
          Name-Shri Samburam Kardong. Age-55 years.Village-Duhutimukh
 As he told,since the migration of their family from Dihingmukh of Sibsagar district in the earlier part of this century, they have been in constant contact with Assamese people. Before migration to this village, they adopted several socio-cultural patterns of the non-tribal-Assamese. He said that their migration itself indicates the impact of communication and then acculturation.
           According to him, the acceptance of  Kewalia or Nisamalia cult of Hinduism from the Gosains of the Satras was the first step of their socio-cultural change.He said that continuous structural changes of the Mishing society is due to the
improvement of communication system in all spheres.
                                                          II
During the British period and prior to it, the socio-economic condition of the villagers under study was much backward.Their was no proper system of transportation, and no educated people were in the villages.Only after the improvement in transportation and the impact of  acculturation, the economy  of the people has been gradually developing to a certain extent.
           The villagers under study are essentially agriculturists. Some of the main agricultural products of the people are paddy,mustard seeds, black pulse, jute,potato and some other vegetables. The main crop is the paddy.The people grow three types of paddy, i.e.,Sali,Ahu.and Bao. As informed by the villagers under study, Bao(suitable for marshy and swampy land), was the only paddy cultivated by them prior to the Independence of India. The introduction of cultivation of Sali and Ahu was of recent origin. Both varieties are now popular among them. Contrary to the production of paddy,mustard seeds and black pulse ,production are very limited. The villagers are essentially agriculturists.Due to the process of acculturation and communication, the occupational structure of the people is changing gradually.Now, few of the villagers are


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