have been trying
to improve their information level. In the same way acculturation and communication have
been helping simultaneously in the field of political participation and in knowing the
Government plans and programmes.
Thus, both acculturation and
communication are responsible for the socio-cultural changes and the development of the
people under study.The influence of both the variables is accepted by the
people unanimously.During the time of field work, few of the respondents expressed their views on
the role of acculturation and communication which are given in the following case studies:
Case Study 7.1
Name-Shri Maghar Paw.Age-70
Shri Paw, who migrated to Mohmora in the
early sixties, expressed that even before his migration,he had observed the socio-cultural
changes occurring in his community."But", as he says,"I do not know how it
can be determined. Changes are no doubt due to, as you say, acculturation and
communication and by other means. But the main fact behind is the demand of
time".Thus,he has given stress on the 'time factor' which is leading his community
towards socio-cultural changes.
Csae Study 7.2
Kardong. Age-55 years.Village-Duhutimukh
As he told,since the migration of
their family from Dihingmukh of Sibsagar district in the earlier part of this century,
they have been in constant contact with Assamese people. Before migration to this village,
they adopted several socio-cultural patterns of the non-tribal-Assamese. He said that
their migration itself indicates the impact of communication and then acculturation.
According to him, the
acceptance of Kewalia or Nisamalia cult of Hinduism from the
Gosains of the Satras was the first step of their socio-cultural change.He
said that continuous structural changes of the Mishing society is due to the
communication system in all spheres.
During the British period and prior to it, the socio-economic condition of the
villagers under study was much backward.Their was no proper system of transportation, and
no educated people were in the villages.Only after the improvement in transportation and
the impact of acculturation, the economy of the people has been gradually
developing to a certain extent.
The villagers under study are
essentially agriculturists. Some of the main agricultural products of the people are
paddy,mustard seeds, black pulse, jute,potato and some other vegetables. The main crop is
the paddy.The people grow three types of paddy, i.e.,Sali,Ahu.and Bao.
As informed by the villagers under study, Bao(suitable for marshy and swampy
land), was the only paddy cultivated by them prior to the Independence of India. The
introduction of cultivation of Sali and Ahu was of recent origin. Both
varieties are now popular among them. Contrary to the production of paddy,mustard seeds
and black pulse ,production are very limited. The villagers are essentially
agriculturists.Due to the process of acculturation and communication, the occupational
structure of the people is changing gradually.Now, few of the villagers are