It can, however, be said from the above discussion that
acculturation and communication motivate the respondents to accept the modern methods of
cultivation.. The same are motivating the respondents, who are not self-sufficient, to
accept alternative means to maintain their families. It may not be regarded as
strictly as economic development but still it can be regarded as the change of attitude
of the people towards economy. Various other alternatives now-a-days are taken by the
villagers under sudy for their livelihood which can be proved from the following table(Table 7.4)
table(Table 7.4), it is
found that out of the 160 respondents, who have not much agricultural productions for self
sufficiency,25(15.62%) are engaged in daily labour, 84(52.50%)are in business, 5(3.13%)
are in service and 46(28.75%) are taking varieties of alternatives to maintain their
families. It is to be noted here that the beggar's problem is gradually increasing in
rural Assam. But among the poor respondents under study, no such instances are found. Even
by adopting job like daily labour, the people tried to maintain their status and
self-sufficiency. It is, of course, the economic motives of the people in making a living
of their own.
As indicated earlier, both
acculturation and communication are helping in economic motivations of villagers which
lead to the gradual economic development of the people. Due to the change in attitude and
contact with non-tribal Assamese and businessmen, the people now have the knowledge to
invest their incomes according to the needs of the family. Formerly, agricultural
production, which was the sole factor of income, was used primarily for consumption only.
But now-a-days, as observed in the field, the villagers have various means of income to
raise the economic status of the family. According to the learning of sources of income,
they now learn to invest their income also. The primary investment of the income of the
respondents is in consumption and in the education of their children. It is found logical
while the respondents were asked to give preferences on the sources of investment of their
income.The table(Table 7.5) given below indicates the same.
According to the
table( table7.5) ,the highest number of respondents have first preference to their investment on the
education of the children. Here, out of 335 respondents 153 (45.69%) have preferred first
to invest their income for the education of their children. The second highest first
preference of investment of income is given on consumption. Out of the 335
respondents 138 (41.22%) have preferred first to invest their income for consumption only.
If the table is analysed carefully, it can be found out that the people have given
preference according to the need of the investment of their income. It further proved that
the people nowadays, give much more stress on the education of their children. The
motivation behind it is to raise their social and economic status simultaneously.
In connection with the above
discussion, few................................ below.
Case Study 7.4
Name - Shri Mante Saro.
Age-45 years, village-Mohmora.
According to Shri Saro's
opinion, the economic development of his community is essentially based on acculturation
and communication. He says, "Due to the changes in some of the Mishings traditional
customs, our co-villagers are now eager to produce