Ratanpur, Phulani, Garmur, Kamalabari. They frequently visit urban places like Jorhat in
the south bank of the Brahmaputra and Lakhimpur. The daily market place of Jengraimukh is
the main marketing place of the villagers.
Now it is
found that main marketing places for the three villages of this study are Jonai, Dhemaji
and Jengraimukh Tinali. After a long period of observation and discussions, the result of
impact of the marketing centres among the villagers of Mohmora, Duhutimukh and Barpamua
are found as summarised below :
(1) The villagers,
now-a-days, produce more agricultural products like paddy, mustard seeds, black pulse etc.
to sell in the market. Interest in profit oriented agricultural production has been
increasing due to facilities of market nearby the villages. The productions of domestic
possessions are also increasing and the people of the villages have gradually been giving
interest in making profit out of selling domestic possessions in the market.
businessmen like small shop-keepers and others are increasing in the market place of
Joani, Dhemaji and Jengraimukh Tinali some of which are being run by the villagers of
Mohmora, Duhutimukh and Barpamua. It indicates the gradual emergence of entrepreneurship
among the villages under study.
(3) As the people are
now engaged in various businesses, the role of the middlemen (the Marwaris and other
non-Mishing businessmen who often cheated the people few years back) is gradually
decreasing. It was found in the field after participant observation that the people
now-a-days directly sell their agricultural products and domestic possessions in the
market. They neither believe nor depend upon the middleman who often tried to purchase the
agricultural products and domestic possessions of the villagers.
(4) Investment of
income according to need has been learnt by the villagers under study. According to them,
it is mainly due to the impact of the nearby markets where they can come into contact with
the non-tribal businessmen and learn to utilise their income.
the above points it is clear that the economy of the people is gradually changing as they
have the marketing facilities nearby their villages. The increase in businessmen, the
replacement of middlemen, the learning of investment of income and the due importance
given in more agricultural productions for profit making have been leading their
development. It can be regarded as development because, as the villagers explained
themselves, sound economy means the education, health and other overall improvement of
their children and other members of the family; and that is why it can be regarded as
their development. It was revealed in the field that the marketing centres in and around
the Mishing villages have been contributing a major role for the development of the tribe.
discussing the impact of acculturation and communication in the development of the Mishing
community and with special reference to the marketing centers, it was found that the
change in all aspects e.g., economy, education, health and others, is primarily the
product of acculturation and communication. From the discussion of this chapter the
findings can be summarised as follows :