Socio-Economic Development                                        Page :70

Dr. Jatin
Mipun's

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Dr. Jatin
Mipun's

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Jengraimukh Tinali, Ratanpur, Phulani, Garmur, Kamalabari. They frequently visit urban places like Jorhat in the south bank of the Brahmaputra and Lakhimpur. The daily market place of Jengraimukh is the main marketing place of the villagers.
              Now it is found that main marketing places for the three villages of this study are Jonai, Dhemaji and Jengraimukh Tinali. After a long period of observation and discussions, the result of impact of the marketing centres among the villagers of Mohmora, Duhutimukh and Barpamua are found as summarised below :
            (1) The villagers, now-a-days, produce more agricultural products like paddy, mustard seeds, black pulse etc. to sell in the market. Interest in profit oriented agricultural  production has been increasing due to facilities of market nearby the villages. The productions of domestic possessions are also increasing and the people of the villages have gradually been giving interest in making profit out of selling domestic possessions in the market.
             (2) Petty businessmen like small shop-keepers and others are increasing in the market place of Joani, Dhemaji and Jengraimukh Tinali some of which are being run by the villagers of Mohmora, Duhutimukh and Barpamua. It indicates the gradual emergence of entrepreneurship among the villages under study.
            (3) As the people are now engaged in various businesses, the role of the middlemen (the Marwaris and other non-Mishing businessmen who often cheated the people few years back) is gradually decreasing. It was found in the field after participant observation that the people now-a-days directly sell their agricultural products and domestic possessions in the market. They neither believe nor depend upon the middleman who often tried to purchase the agricultural products and domestic possessions of the villagers.
             (4) Investment of income according to need has been learnt by the villagers under study. According to them, it is mainly due to the impact of the nearby markets where they can come into contact with the non-tribal businessmen and learn to utilise their income.
               From the above points it is clear that the economy of the people is gradually changing as they have the marketing facilities nearby their villages. The increase in businessmen, the replacement of middlemen, the learning of investment of income and the due importance given in more agricultural productions for profit making have been leading their development. It can be regarded as development because, as the villagers explained themselves, sound economy means the education, health and other overall improvement of their children and other members of the family; and that is why it can be regarded as their development. It was revealed in the field that the marketing centres in and around the Mishing villages have been contributing a major role for the development of the tribe.
               After discussing the impact of acculturation and communication in the development of the Mishing community and with special reference to the marketing centers, it was found that the change in all aspects e.g., economy, education, health and others, is primarily the product of acculturation and communication. From the discussion of this chapter the findings can be summarised as follows :


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