The Field of Study and Methodology                                     Page : 24

 
Dr. Jatin
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Dr. Jatin
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In this chapter an attempt has been made to discuss the salient features of the field under study. The chapter is divided into two parts.- the first part deals with the methodology of the study.
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The present dissertation is based on the study of three villages. Keeping in view the requirement of the study, the three Mishing villages, i.e. Mohmora, Duhutimukh and Barpamua have been carefully selected. The selection of villages is based on purposive - random sampling. At the stage of the preliminary field visit to the Mishing area,it was found that the Mishing villages are situated either near the bank of  the rivers of Upper Assam or in remote areas which lack regular contact and communication with the non-tribal population. Only a few villages are having regular modern system of communication and transportation. The main aim of this study is to understand and examine the impact of acculturation (contact with plains people, Hinduism, Assamese language, adoption of agricultural techniques and tools as applied by the non-tribal population), communication (post offices, telegraphs, telephone, newspaper, radio and the marketing centres)   and the development (roads, rails, planning and community development) on the Mishings. The first two villages, Mohmora and Duhutimukh of Lakhimpur district are situated near the railway line and marketing centres in the midst of the plains Hinduised population. The third village, Barpamua is in Majuli sub-division of Sibsagar district. It is located in an isolated pocket, cut off from modern facilities of communication, but is better exposed to non-tribals, specially the Hindus as various religious monasteries (Satras) are situated in Majuli.
Location

The first village selected for study is Mohmora in Lakhimpur district of Assam. It is within the jurisdiction of Pub-Jonai Gaon Panchayat. The village is situated at a distance of about one kilometre from Jonai , a small town(now a sub-divisional headquarters) and about two kilometers from  Murkongselek railway station which was constructed in the year 1964-65. The village is connected with the Oiramghat (ferry ghat) on the Brahmaputra, about five kilometres in the south-east direction. It is about 40 kilometers from Pasighat, Sub-divisional town in Arunachal Pradesh. The motorable road (opened in 1960) passes through the village, connecting Jonai to Oiramghat. The village is well connected to Pasighat via Murkongselek railway station. The total area of Mohmora is 1246 bighas   (1 acre is equal to 3 bighas). Generally the size of the land holdings of each individual family varies from 5 bighas to 10 bighas. The land holdings of a family consist 20 bighas to 100 bighas and above. One Namghar (Vaishnavite place of worship) and one Murong (dormitory) are there in the village. The village is composed primarily of two Mishing sub-groups, viz. Moying and Pagro.
           Duhutimukh, the second village under study is within Dhemaji Gaon  Panchayat. It is situated at a distance about three kilometers from Dhemaji-the sub-division town of Lakhimpur District,and about five kilometers from Dhemaji railway station. The distance to Sonarighat, the ferryghat on the Brahmaputra is about 18 kilometers from the village. The ferry ghat is connected with Dibrugarh town-the district headquaters. The motorable road connects the village with other areas. The village is situated haphazardly on both sides of the road. There is another newly constructed road across the village which connects the village with Dhemaji town.
           The total area of Duhutimukh village is 851 bighas. The size of land holdings varies from 5 bighas to 50 bighas. There are no landless families in the village. There is one Namghar in the village but Murong is not there. The village is composed mainly of the Moying sub-group of the Mishings.
           The third village under study is Barpamua in Majuli sub-division of Sibsagar district. Majuli is a river island of the Brahmaputra and is inhabitated predominantly by the Mishings. The village is  under Jengrai Gaon Panchayat. Barpamua is about 30 kilometers from Kamalabari, a small but important town of  Majuli, and about 50 kilometers from Jorhat town-the district headquarters of Sibsagar(now Jorhat district). The village is


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