(uncultivable waste land). The villagers settled down there with great
difficulty. As a sign of these difficulties, there is a place known as Silosiko towards
the eastern part of the village. During 1930-35, the villagers suffered heavily from
cholera. In that critical situation, there was no one to bury the dead and the person who
knew that his last breath was imminent went to death place and embraced death.
Therefore, the place was known as Silosiko (the place of death by will). According to the
villagers, this is an example of their hard days and their fight for survival.
From the accounts of the three
villagers, it is found that the villagers migrated from different places of Upper Assam to
these villages. It is further proved that the Mishings are fond of migration (most
probably for economic security) since time immemorial.
villages selected for study are within the predominantly Mishing area. All the villagers
of Mohmora, Duhutimukh and Barpamua are Mishings except a few non-Mishings families.
In Mohmora, one house hold belongs to a Marwari and two families belong to tea garden
labourers, but their settlement is not permanent. In Duhutimukh, there are three
permanently settled Bengali families. In the village Barpamua also one Bengali family and
two Kaibarta ( a Schedule Caste community ) families, have settled permanently. Excluding
these families, there are 106 households in Mohmora, 45 in Duhutimukh and 184 in
The Total population of the
three villages3 is given in (Table 3.1). It
is significant from the table that in the three villages, number of male is more than
that of the female.
of the three villages under study are keenly interested in education. The literacy of the
respondents of the villages of Mohmora, Duhutimukh and Barpamua is satisfactory. Adult
education programmes and night school for the drop out children are operating in the three
There is one L.P.School in Mohmora
with an enrolment of 200 (140 boys and 60 girls) students. The M.E. School, which is
situated at a distance of one kilometer from the village, has under its fold a total of 20
(10 boys and 10 girls) students. Two students are in college and there are three graduates
in the village. In Duhutimukh, 60 (35boys, 25 girls) students are in the village
L.P.School,30 (8 girls) students are in H.E. School, 5 (1 girl) students are in the
college. One post-graduate (M.A.) and 3 graduates are also there in the village. There are
two L.P.Schools in the village Barpamua where 300 (100 girls) students from the village
are enrolled. In the village, 50 (15 girls) students are studying in H.E. School, 8 are in
college. There are one post-graduate (M.A.), 5 graduates, one M.B.B.S. and one diploma
holder in Engineering in the village. All the three villages have been getting facilities
of educational institutions from L.P. School up to college. In the case of Mohmora, the
college is at Pashighat in Arunachal Pradesh, and the High School is at Jonai.They are
only 20 kms and one km away respectively from Mohmora. The High School and the college at
Dhemaji are only 3 kilometres away from the village Duhutimukh. Similarly, Jengraimukh
High School and colllege and other institutions are at a distance of only one kilometre
from Barpamua village.
The villages for the present study are selected by random sampling method. For the
formulation of the hypothesis which is mentioned in the first chapter, the research design4
of the present study is prepared as simple as possible. The study is based on
participant observation, informal discussion and the administration of a Structured
Interview Schedule. The following techniques were adopted to collect the data:
1. Village Schedule : General data about the field of study (Schedule-I)
2. Household Schedule (Schedule-II).
3. Case Studies : legends, history and statement of the older persons (Schedule III).
4. Interview Schedule (Schedule IV).