Village Schedule (Schedule-I)
general data of the three villages under study, a detailed village schedule was prepared.
The village schedule was helpful in collecting systemic data and information regarding the
location of the village, myths, legends and historical accounts associated with the
villages, households, population, sex composition, acculturation, including important
points on religion, food habits, language, housing pattern, dress, tools and implements,
clan and kinship organizations, communication, roads, railways, marketing centers, post
and telegraph, radio, newspaper, development activities in pre and post independence
period, agriculture, economy, income, health and education.
Household Schedule (Schedule II)
We wanted to collect
complete information about the Mishing families living in these villages with special
reference to the nature of the family, size of the family, size of the landholdings,
occupations and income of the different members of every household, marital status,
educational status etc. For the purpose we took the help of two methods:
(a) Household Schedule
(b) Informal interviews and participant observation.
Actually, the questions related to
household were included within the interview schedule (Schedule-IV) and both schedules
were combined together.
Keeping in view the complexities of
social customs, cultural norms and values of the Mishings, the investigator, specially
gave stress on participant observation and informal interview. Because variations are
common in social activities of the Mishings in various parts of Assam. During the time of
preliminary field visit, adequate attention was paid to collect relevant facts by
participating in the day-to-day life of the villagers. In the field diary, all relevant
facts were noted down.
As in the preliminary field visit,
during the time of extensive field work, sufficient attention was paid to participant
observation, which is a reliable technique for proper understanding of the society. To
have a proper knowledge, the investigator took part in the daily evening gossips of the
villagers, took meal with them, participated in the meetings held for the settlement of
village disputes and in rituals and pujas. When the investigator was in Mohmora
village,it was summer. He took part in the activities of the paddy field of where paddy
cultivation was going on. In Barpamua, it was a rewarding experience to share the sorrows
and sufferings of the flood affected, economically downtrodden villagers. After
taking part in all activities with the villagers, special attention was paid to write
regular notes in the field diary where the observations were recorded carefully.
Case Studies (Schedule III)
To make the present study useful
and authentic, special emphasis was laid on in depth case studies to focus the attention
on some specific points. The case studies are both qualitative as well as quantitative.
These case studies throw light on historical accounts, customs, practices in previous
generation, and entrepreneurship. In the course of discussion, while using the technique
of case studies, we tried to know about social and cultural affairs, economy, mass media
and education as prevailing among the Mishings.