The Field of  Study and Methodology                                 Page :27

 
Dr. Jatin
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Dr. Jatin
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Village Schedule (Schedule-I)
             To collect general data of the three villages under study, a detailed village schedule was prepared. The village schedule was helpful in collecting systemic data and information regarding the location of the village, myths, legends and historical accounts associated with the villages, households, population, sex composition, acculturation, including important points on religion, food habits, language, housing pattern, dress, tools and implements, clan and kinship organizations, communication, roads, railways, marketing centers, post and telegraph, radio, newspaper, development activities in pre and post independence period, agriculture, economy, income, health and education.
Household Schedule (Schedule II)
            We wanted to collect complete information about the Mishing families living in these villages with special reference to the nature of the family, size of the family, size of the landholdings, occupations and income of the different members of every household, marital status, educational status etc. For the purpose we took the help of two methods:
(a) Household Schedule
(b) Informal interviews and participant observation.
          Actually, the questions related to household were included within the interview schedule (Schedule-IV) and both schedules were combined together.
          Keeping in view the complexities of social customs, cultural norms and values of the Mishings, the investigator, specially gave stress on participant observation and informal interview. Because variations are common in social activities of the Mishings in various parts of Assam. During the time of preliminary field visit, adequate attention was paid to collect relevant facts by participating in the day-to-day life of the villagers. In the field diary, all relevant facts were noted down.
          As in the preliminary field visit, during the time of extensive field work, sufficient attention was paid to participant observation, which is a reliable technique for proper understanding of the society. To have a proper knowledge, the investigator took part in the daily evening gossips of the villagers, took meal with them, participated in the meetings held for the settlement of village disputes and in rituals and pujas. When the investigator was in Mohmora village,it was summer. He took part in the activities of the paddy field of where paddy cultivation was going on. In Barpamua, it was a rewarding experience to share the sorrows and sufferings of the flood affected,  economically downtrodden villagers. After taking part in all activities with the villagers, special attention was paid to write regular notes in the field diary where the observations were recorded carefully.
Case Studies (Schedule III)
          To make the present study useful and authentic, special emphasis was laid on in depth case studies to focus the attention on some specific points. The case studies are both qualitative as well as quantitative. These case studies throw light on historical accounts, customs, practices in previous generation, and entrepreneurship. In the course of discussion, while using the technique of case studies, we tried to know about social and cultural affairs, economy, mass media and education as prevailing among the Mishings.

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