The Field of  Study and Methodology                                       Page :29

 
Dr. Jatin
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Dr. Jatin
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When it was difficult to find out the culprit, thevillgers of the area circulated a notice of warning by saying that if the culprit would not confess himself, the villagers will perform a ritual by sacrificing two pigs and by cutting a banana tree which shall incur death to the culprit. When the investigator asked about the probable effect of the ritual, one of the villagers told 'wait and see the result'. Earlier one person succumbed to that type of  ritual as he did not confess his crime, as informed by the villagers.
Classification, Tabulation and Editing
                    After the completion of the field work, the first step was the editing, classification and tabulation of the village schedules, household and interview schedules and case studies. The editing was done carefully. The data provided by the Schedules were classified carefully for tabulation, e.g. age and sex, education and income and so on.
                   The tabulation was done after completion of the classification. It has already been mentioned that classification was done according to the Schedule. The tables included in this study are simple. They have been prepared to make the purpose clear, to make significance clear, to express the data in the least space and to make comparison easy. The tables are classified mainly into two types, viz. general purpose tables and summary tables. The aim of the general purpose table or reference table is to have a general information regarding the whole collected data, such as age group and marital status of the respondents, educational qualifications and annual income of the respondents, a few tables are a comparative, for example, family size and family income of the respondents. Every possible care was taken to make the tables objective and clear. For that purpose editing was done at every step of classification and tabulation.
Identification of Variables
                  It has already been mentioned in the introduction chapter that the main aim of this study is to see the impact of the two independent variables - acculturation and communication on the dependent variable 'development'. 'Acculturation' includes the impact of Hinduism on Mishing's religion and changes in food-habits, language, housing pattern, dress and tools and implements of the Mishings. In the field of communication, attempt has been made to see the traditional Mishing communication system. Prior to the migration of the Mishings from the hills of Arunachal to the plains of Assam, oral communication was prevalent among them. After migration to the plains of Assam, they adopted other methods of communication. The learning of Assamese language, writing and the use of mass-media were gradually adopted by them. For the study of communication, these factors have been taken into consideration. The special care has been observed to see as to how the gradual changes in communication system, along with the other agencies, have been helping in the development of the Mishings. gradual development started after the improvement of road transportation and railways. As a result of the growth of the marketing centers, they started producing surplus agricultural products for marketing purposes. To increase production, they adopted new technology and methods such as tractor, chemical fertilizer, irrigation, use of high yielding seeds in their cultivation. Due to the marketing centres, money economy started among them and as a result, they became a part of the regional, national and the world economy. These changes are conducive in the development of Mishings. After considering these factors, the relevant variables were identified for this study.


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